Long Essay on Republic day in English 2023 : In this blog we have explained the history of republic day. We have covered the time period in which the whole constitution is prepared, how many members were involved in preparation of constitution, and why the constitution is implemented 2 months later after the completion of constitution.
Essay on Republic Day History in English
Republic Day History in English
India, official name Republic of India, situated in south Asia, is the largest country of the Indian subcontinent. India is the seventh largest country in the world geographically, while in terms of population it is the second largest country after China.
According to Bloomberg’s report, India’s population is about 5 million more than China’s 1.412 billion population, so according to this report India is the largest country in terms of population.
A huge country, such a huge population and running this country is a big thing in itself.
India was ruled by many rulers, many made it their home and many just looted it, be it Mughal or British rule. Prior to the arrival of the Britishers before 15 August 1947, India was ruled by the Mughal Empire and Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal ruler, after that the grip of the British rule on India went on tightening, which made India very weak from the economic and social point of view.
The British rule in India was from 1858 to 1947 and India officially became independent on 15 August 1947.
However, even at that time we were under French and Portuguese occupation and the Portuguese left India in 1961 after liberating Goa .
Goa was the last state to become independent. Goa, an Indian state, was liberated on December 19, 1961, from around 450 years of Portuguese rule.
We had become independent but there was no one to govern us, a huge country like India without any leadership was a big challenge. So the British said that we will leave you completely when you make a constitution and run this country under that constitution.
So the process of constitution making went on from 1946 to 1949 and on 26 November 1949 our constitution was prepared.
As our constitution was prepared on 26 November 1949 but it came into force on 26 January 1950, today we will tell you the story from the making of the constitution to the implementation of the constitution and why we consider 26 January as Republic Day.
The Republic is governed in terms of the Constitution of India which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949 and came into force on 26th January, 1950.
When the Second World War was going on, England had suffered a lot, Germany had bombed London continuously for 15 days and 15 nights and the people of England were very worried about it. At that time the Conservative Party was in power and Winston Churchill was the Prime Minister.
At the same time, the opposition which was the Labor Party and its leader was Clement Attlee and he had said that if we come to power, we will liberate India and this was also supported by the Indians. And when Clement Attlee’s government was formed, he came in favor of freeing India.
He sent his 3 cabinet ministers to India, they came to India in 1946 which was called “Cabinet Mission Plan 1946”. It had 3 members, AV Alexander, Stafford Cripps, Pethick Lawrence. Pethick Lawrence was the leader of this mission, he asked India to do some important work, one of which was that you should first form an interim government and for the next 5 years, learn how the government is run.
That’s why we had our Prime Minister’s election in 1951 and in 1952 we got our first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Then under this cabinet mission, they said to make a constitution, until the constitution is fully implemented, we will take care of you people and as soon as the constitution is fully implemented, we will leave from here. On the basis of Cabinet Mission, the process of constitution making started from 1946.
Now indirect elections were held for who would make this constitution and those who had come after being elected were kept in the Central Hall of the Parliament. When these people were elected, the year was 1946 and then India was united India, then neither Bangladesh nor Pakistan was formed, in 1946 a total of 389 members were elected to frame the constitution.
After that in 1947, when the country was partitioned and Pakistan was formed, out of 389 members, 90 members went to Pakistan, now in 1947 there were 299 members who had to frame the constitution by staying in the Central Hall of the Parliament.
From 1947 to 1950, the constitution was formed and implemented and during this time some members had died and by the year 1950, a total of 284 people were included, including 15 women, and this shows that India has always been giving equal rights to women.
Our original constitution weighs 13 kg and the signatures on it belong to these 284 people.
Different committees were formed to frame the constitution and different tasks were assigned to them. In this way, a total of 13 committees were formed, which agreed, that is, in which most of the people agreed, that decision was accepted.
The most important committee in these committees was the drafting committee and Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the chairman of this drafting committee, he made coordination among all the committees, said what is wrong, what is right and what has to be improved, that is the responsibility of the drafting committee. As Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the chairman of the drafting committee, that is why he has been called Father of Indian Constitution.
Its temporary member was Sachidanand Sinha for 2 days. But its permanent member was Rajender Prasad. Rajender Prasad was the President of the Constituent Assembly and under his supervision the work of the Constituent Assembly was done.
BN Rao was the advisor to the Constituent Assembly.
It took precisely 2 years, 11 months, 17 days to create the Constitution of India.
When the constitution was made, there were 22 chapters in total (at present there are 25). The article is originally 395 (at present these have been increased to 448 in total and they will keep on increasing but their original number will remain 395).
Schedule was 8 (increased to 12 at present). The Constitution of India was prepared on 26 November 1949 and we consider this day as Constitution Day.
Now lets understand why there was a delay of two months in the implementation of the constitution. In December 1929, the convention of the Congress Party was going on in Lahore (Convention means the annual meeting).
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was presiding over this session. In his speech from the banks of river Ravi, he said that now we do not need to bow down before the British, we now want complete independence, he said that now every Indian will have to wake up and unite.
In the coming year 1930, on the last Sunday of January, we will hoist the tricolor in every corner of the country and declare ourselves independent, whether the British give us freedom or not.
In 1930, on the last Sunday of January, the date was 26th January 1930, the tricolor was hoisted across the country and it was announced that from today we became independent and we started celebrating that day as Independence Day and Jawaharlal Nehru said that it would be celebrated every year. It was celebrated as Independence Day from 26 January 1930 to 26 January 1949.
The constitution was prepared on 26 November 1949, the reason for not implementing it was that the importance of what we used to consider 26 January as Independence Day would end, so to save the importance of this day, the constitution was implemented 2 months late on 26 January 1950.
From 1950 till present and in all the years to come, we used to consider 26 January as the Republic Day and will continue to do so.
On 26 January there is a parade at Rajpath. On this day India displays its weapons. It displays what new inventions India has made in the defense sector, science and technology. The bravery of our Army, Navy and Airforce is shown.
The President hoists the flag on 26 January. The Prime Minister is also present, the chiefs of the three armies and the Chief of Defense Staff are also present. The chief guest is also called every year. The chief guest is the Prime Minister or President or his representative of our close or friendly country, this strengthens our intimacy with that country even more.
What is the Purpose of Republic day in India?
Republic Day has a special significance in our country, it shows us that keeping a country united, in which people from different castes, and communities live together. This is the culture of our country, we live together with everyone, we live with love. We also believe that there are some minor disputes and these will happen in the future as well. We should understand that this whole country is one family and squabbles do happen in the family. Just as there are utensils in the basket of the vessel, they make a sound when they are selected, in the same way, there is a light flutter in the family. But this country will always move forward like this, we wish you all have many good wishes on the 74th Republic Day. Jai Hind.
💖Wish You Happy Republic Day 🎉
Republic Day FAQ
The President of India hosts the flag on Republic Day every year. The flag is hoisted during the Republic Day parade, which is held at Rajpath in New Delhi and is attended by dignitaries from around the world, as well as a large number of Indian citizens. The parade features floats, cultural performances, and military displays, and is considered one of the most important national events in India.
on 26 January 2023 President of Egypt ‘Abdel Fattah El-Sisi‘ will be the chief guest of the Republic Day celebrations.
Republic Day is a public holiday in India where the country marks and celebrates the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950.
The India will celebrate its 74th Republic Day on January 26, 2023.